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Sex and Gender Differences in Symptoms of Myocardial Ischemia

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A work-in-progress seminar about sex and gender differences in symptoms of myocardial ischemia


Wednesday, January 18, 2012
12:00 p.m. – 1:00 p.m.


Hurlburt Auditorium, 2nd Floor, St. Paul’s Hospital, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC.


This talk is open and will include a light lunch. Click here for more information.


Dr. Martha Mackay, PhD, RN CCN(C)
CHÉOS Scientist
Clinical Nurse Specialist, Cardiology Heart Centre, St. Paul’s Hospital
Cardiovascular Outcomes Research Fellow, Cardiac Serv BC
Clinical Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, University of British Columbia


Research has consistently shown that women delay seeking treatment for symptoms of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) than do men. Some research has indicated that women’s symptoms of ACS are different from men’s, which could perhaps be an explanation for treatment-seeking delay. However, many studies to date have had methodological flaws, rendering conclusions tenuous. In this prospective study we used balloon inflation during coronary angioplasty as a model for myocardial ischemia, and questioned participants about their symptoms during this period of known ischemia.